Africa pupils enrolled in schools notwithstanding the

 

Africa is
facing the issue of incremental demographics whilst still inundated with lack
of essential needs and vital components of development such as healthcare,
education, infrastructure and the issue of slow economic growth and the need to
counter this by creating a higher sustainable economic growth and additionally,
the burden and constraint of increasing debt.  

The essay
will examine the various policies that can be executed whilst pinpointing
the tendencies that could potentially aid in the development of the continent.

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The plight
of education

Education is
a strong weapon which is inaccessible to most, lack of this basic need forces
children to leave their homes – especially in the rural to migrate to the city –
to look for employment, resulting however in child labour on the streets and
markets and often in child trafficking. The need to turn life around lead the
youth to engage in illegal activities such as armed robberies, internet fraud
amongst other desperate measures to survive. Undoubtedly, through the Millennial
Development Goals figures show that much progress has been made in terms of the
number of pupils enrolled in schools notwithstanding the fact out of the 67
million children out of school 43% still reside in Africa. This

 

International
organisations such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World
arguably might be assisting in the form of offering financial advice,
structural adjustment agendas, policy-making advice on the continent however,
this does not happen whilst also1
not undermining the Sovereignty of African countries and also, these
institutions use their position of dominance to leverage and control
development policy-making. Most of these policies have seen African governments
focus on their economies towards integration in the international markets at
the expenses of social services. How can these organization claim they are assisting
developing countries, when a country cannot decide for itself? Most of these
countries succeeded in improving the basic needs for their citizens before
these IOs undid much of the progress with their conditions attached to the
loans given to the African countries. This has led Africa to become a hindrance
to its own progression.2
In the areas of economic and political power, despite the fact the continent
being rich in natural and human resources – Africa, albeit unwillingly,
provides resources that have fueled modern capitalism and its current stage of globalization
– Africa gets the bad deal3.

tDevelopment is obviously the end goal of African states and all the
international conferences held to find solutions to the precarious state of the
continent, but it seems the continent is a choking cycle it cannot break from and
thus having to depend on the western countries and their aids. Each year the
continent receives billions in aids, most of them undoubtedly not being
employed for their purpose – bad policies implantation as to where and what the
aid should be spent on- however, this way of giving does not come free. According
to a report

 

Africa has great potential to become another
pillar of the world’s economic structure with its mass amounts of uncultivated
land. Unfortunately, corruption and irresponsible governments hinder that
progress. Foreign aid, while helpful, should be limited to a yearly amount
because it allows the government to brush of responsibility and gives room for
corruption; it creates a media bias, and doesn’t solve the foundational
issues. 

1 https://www.africa.upenn.edu/Urgent_Action/apic-041802.html

2 https://www.africa.upenn.edu/Urgent_Action/apic-041802.html

3 African intellectuals book