Bre’lle divided into two sections, Upper Egypt

Bre’lle Le’Bue  Egypt is a very beautiful place, which has an astonishing amount of 88,487,396 people in it. The official name of this country is Arab Republic of Egypt with a Republican President by the name of Abdel Fattah el-Sisi. When tourist goes to Egypt they normally like seeing the major mountain ranges, The Eastern highlands, or the beautiful Nile River. With 386,662 square miles, Egypt is a pretty large country where one could adventure in seek of great history.  Without the Nile River, all of Egypt would be desert. Only about an inch of rain falls throughout Egypt in a single year. Floods cover the river’s valleys, leaving dregs needed for trees, plants, and crops to grow.  Egypt is often divided into two sections, Upper Egypt in the south and Lower Egypt in the north. The sections are named this way because the Nile flows from south to north and empties into the Mediterranean Sea. Southern Egypt’s landscape contains low mountains and desert. Northern Egypt has wide valleys near the Nile and desert to the east and west. North of Cairo, the capital, is the Nile River Delta. This fertile land is completely covered with farms. About 90% of Egyptians are Muslim, which mean they’re followers of the Islamic religion. About 10% of Egyptians are Copts, which is one of the oldest branches of the Christian religion. Egypt’s population is growing very rapidly. This makes Egypt’s resources limited, since most people live in a narrow strip of land along the Nile River. Having so many people in such a small area can cause overcrowding, from schools to apartment buildings to hospitals. For almost 30 centuries, ancient Egypt was the pre-eminent civilization in the Mediterranean world. Egypt’s majesty has  historians and created a enthusiastic field of study all its own called Egyptology. The main sources of information about ancient Egypt are the many monuments, statues, and artifacts that have been recovered from archaeological sites, covered with hieroglyphs that have only recently been translated. The picture that emerges is of a culture with few equals in the beauty of its art, the accomplishment of its architecture or the richness of its religious traditions.. Ancient Egypt, civilization in northeastern Africa that dates from the 4th millennium. Its many achievements, preserved in its art or should I say monuments, hold a fascination that continues to grow as archaeological finds and expose its secrets. This article focuses on Egypt from its prehistory through its unification under Menes (Narmer) in the 3rd millennium, sometimes used as a reference point for Egypt’s origin and up to the Islamic conquest in the 7th century. For subsequent history through the same period  Egypt. Most of the original ancient wonders no longer exist, like more than 2,000 years ago, many travelers wrote about incredibly unbelievable sights they had seen on their journeys. Over time, seven of those places made history as the “Wonders of the Ancient World.” Today only the Pyramids of Giza still stands in good shape. Ancient Egyptians worshipped many animals for thousands of years. Animals were revered or respected for different reasons. Dogs were valued for their ability to protect and hunt, but cats were thought to be the most special. Egyptians believed cats were magical creatures that were capable of bringing good luck to the people who owned one them. To honor these treasured pets, rich families dressed them in jewels and expensive jewelry and fed them treats fit for royalty. When the cats died they were mummified like a human of royalty would be. As a sign of sorrow, the cat owners shaved off their eyebrows and continued to mourn until their eyebrows grew back. Art from ancient Egypt shows statues and paintings of every type of cat. Cats were so special that those who killed them, even by an accident, were sentenced to death. According to Egyptian mythology, gods and goddesses had the power to turn themselves into different animals. Only one goddess named Bastet had the power to become a cat. In the city of Per-Bast (an Ancient Egyptian city), a beautiful temple was built, and people came from all over the world to experience its magnificent appearance. (C. 1085-664 B.C.)The next 400 years, known as the Third Intermediate Period, saw important changes in Egyptian politics, society and culture. Concentrated government under the 21st dynasty pharaohs gave way to the popular splurge of local officials, while foreigners from Libya and Nubia grabbed power for themselves and left a long lasting imprint on Egypt’s population. The 22nd dynasty began around 945 B.C. with King Sheshonq, a descendant of Libyans who had invaded Egypt during the late 20th dynasty and settled there. Many local rulers were virtually self-governed during this period and dynasties 23-24 are poorly documented.In the eighth century B.C., Nubian pharaohs beginning with Shabako, ruler of the Nubian kingdom of Kush, established their own dynasty–the 25th–at Thebes. Under Kushite rule, Egypt clashed with the growing Assyrian empire. In 671 B.C., the Assyrian ruler Esarhaddon drove the Kushite king Taharka out of Memphis and destroyed the city; he then appointed his own rulers out of local governors and officials loyal to the Assyrians. One of them, Necho of Sais, ruled briefly as the first king of the 26th dynasty before being killed by the Kushite leader Tanuatamun, in a final, unsuccessful grab for power. From the late period of Alexander’s Conquest beginning with Necho’s son, Psammetichus, the Saite dynasty ruled a restored Egypt for less than two centuries. In 525 B.C., the king of Persia, Cambyses defeated Psammetichus III, the last Saite king, at the Battle of Pelusium, and Egypt became part of the Persian Empire. Persian ruler, Darius, ruled the country largely under the same terms as native Egyptian kings. Darius supported Egypt’s religious culture and undertook the building and restored all of its temples. The tyrannical rule of Xerxes  sparked increased uprisings under him and his successors. One of these rebellions triumphed in the beginning of the last period of Egyptian independence under native rulers.In the mid-fourth century B.C., the Persians again attacked Egypt, reviving their empire under Ataxerxes III in 343 B.C. Barely a decade later, in 332 B.C., Alexander the Great of Macedonia defeated the armies of the Persian Empire and conquered Egypt. After Alexander’s death, Egypt was ruled by a line of Macedonian kings, beginning with Alexander’s general Ptolemy and continuing with his descendants. The last ruler of Ptolemaic Egypt was the legendary Cleopatra VII who surrendered Egypt to the armies of Octavian in 31 B.C. Six centuries of Roman rule followed, during which Christianity became the official religion of Rome and its provinces. The conquest of Egypt by the Arabs in the seventh century A.D. and the introduction of Islam would do away with the last outward aspects of ancient Egyptian culture and propel the country towards its modern incarnation.