CHAPTER more expensive than in neighboring countries



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A.    Issue Background


hunger has been the constant problem throughout the ages. Of the 815 million
people suffering from chronic hunger, 98 percent live in the developing world. Hunger,
poverty and food prices can not be separated. Almost all hungry people are
poor. Millions people live with hunger and malnourishment because they can’t
buy healthy food.


B.     Problem Identification

1.      What
is zero hunger

2.      Hunger
problems in Indonesia

3.      Hunger
problems through the perspective of Pancasila


C.    Benefits

1.      To
know what is hunger and its causes

2.      To
know the hunger problems in Indonesia

3.      To
know the hunger problems through the perspective of Pancasila

4.      To
know how to solve the hunger












A.    Zero

Zero hunger is promised to end hunger, achieve
food security, improve nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture, and is a
priority of the World Food ProgramEvery day too many men and women across the
globe struggle to feed their children a nutritious meal. And this goal targets
is by 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor
and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and
sufficient food all year round.

B.     Hunger
Problem in Indonesia

According to World Food Programme, Indonesia is a
lower-middle country and the largest economy in South-East Asia. However, the
benefits of economic growth are not the same across the country. Access to food is also uneven, and influenced by factors like
poverty and lack of infrastructure.  Food
prices are high – with rice 50 to 70 percent more expensive than in neighboring
countries – advance the situation. As a result, 19.4 million people can not
meet their dietary needs. A less varied diet, based on rice, means the country
faces three related nutritional challenges simultaneously. There are more than
37 percent of children under 5 suffering from dwarf growth due to malnutrition,
with a higher prevalence among families in subsistence agriculture or living in
slums. It is time to rethink how we grow, share and
consume our food. If done right, agriculture, forestry and fisheries can
provide nutritious food for all and generate decent incomes, while supporting
people-centred rural development and protecting the environment.

Right now, our soils, freshwater, oceans, forests
and biodiversity are being rapidly degraded. Climate change is putting even
more pressure on the resources we depend on, increasing risks associated with
disasters such as droughts and floods. Many rural women and men can no longer
make ends meet on their land, forcing them to migrate to cities in search of


C.    Hunger
Problems Trough the Perspetives of Pancasila

Hunger is a thing against Pancasila, specially
the fifth precept of Pancasila which is: “Keadilan sosial bagi seluruh rakyat
Indonesia.” Why? Because the meaning of the fifth percept is to all of the
people of Indonesia have to get the same justice, and the same rights. But the
truth, almost 87 million Indonesian people have compromised access to food.Hunger
in Indonesia can be corrected through a joint effort by developed countries
worldwide and the local government, to enhance nutrition and the economic
progress of the nation. So we have to take action to this ‘Zero Hunger’ goal to
makes all of the people of Indonesia get the same justice.



















A.    Conclusion

Zero hunger is a thing that wa have to fight for,
because the less of hunger, the more prosperous this world would be. Children
can get a good health and education, they can have a good future, so the world
will be a better world. There are 7 ways to solve the hunger problem:

1. Sustainable Food

Food is a basic human need, so food should be

2. Access to Credit

Many organizations are helping people in poor
countries to gain access to credit. They must to have access to credit. If dont,
they cannot start up industries that combat poverty.

3. Food Donations

Food donations is a serious thing, there are so
many people need food, but they can’t afford it, so if we have more money, we
should donate food to the people who need. For example we buy some food, and
give it to beggar on the street or busker at traffic light.

4. Urban Farming

The mission of urban agriculture is to create an
abundance of food for people in need by supporting and encouraging the
establishment of parks on unused land and land while increasing diversity,
raising awareness of health and wellbeing, and inspiring and educating youth,
adults and the elderly to creating an economically sustainable system to lift
people around the world.

5. Access to Education


Education is the best weapon against poverty and
hunger. It is very strong in the underdeveloped countries. Education means
better opportunity and more access to income and food. The better education
people get, the better world it will be.

6. Government Intervention

Assistance to foreign countries needs to focus
more on government intervention, such as programs that feed their mothers and
children in poor areas. This is not much different from the many programs
available in the United States.

7. Birth Control Education

High birthrates pose a problem when trying to
solve hunger. Many people are
uneducated or have no access to contraception. Gaining access to contraception
allows for family planning and economic freedom.