Claude

Shanon was born in 1916 in a small town Gaylord,

Michigan. His father was a judge and

his mother was principal in local high school. One of his distant relative

Thomas Adison taught Shanon mathematics and electrical engineering. He used to

spend most of his time with radio sests, model planes even building telegraph

systems at friend’s house in college time. In 1936, he became graduate. Then he

went for his masters. In this degree his thesis was Boolean algebra that is

basics for designing computer circuits.

In

1938, Shanon wrote paper thesis by applying two values binary algebra and

symbolic logic. He showed AND, OR, NOT are simple connectors that are used to

complete electronic circuits. Shannon got his Ph.D. degree from MIT in 1940.

he left MIT in 1940. Later in 40’s, he spelt out with fundamentals of modern

cryptography and paper called communication theory on secrecy.

In

1949, he got marry to Mary Elizabeth Moore. In the same year, he discovered the basic theory

underline digital communication and storage that is called as information

theory. According to this theory one can save, store, upload data. In 1948

paper, Shanon also provided foundation of data compression. He saw the need and

formulated the theory of which billions of jpg, mpg, mp3 and zip files can be

transmitted daily. Then he moved for boosting efficiency and storage.

In

the research circles, the 1948 paper published in bell system technical general

made Shanon star overnight. It

revolutionized the field of communication. He started the binary digit as a

fundamental element in communication. Information could be bound down in

0&1. It can be codded and then decoded on the other end. In 1949, Shanon

branched out information theory and built a specific computer to play chess. He

wrote a paper on programming machine including several strategies for computer chess

algorithms that are still in use.

In

1956, he left BELL’S lab and returned to MIT. He got engage in an invention. In

1973, twenty fifth anniversary of Shanon’s landmark papers the information

security IEEE instituted an annual Shanon’s lecture. He got retired in 1978 but

he always remained in touch with engineering field. Despite of his fundamental

achievement he never got any nobble prize. In 1984, Japan’s government called kyoto prize Shanon

became first to get this prize . He gave his last interview in army magazine in

1987. In his 80’s his heath went down he

got admitted to nursing home in 1998. On 24 feb,2001 he died with Alzheimer’s disease in the age of

84 by disease.