Depression as; puberty, prior to menstruation or

Depression
is a common mood disorder that has been negatively affecting teens worldwide, it
interferes with their thought processes and influences their actions. Having a
depressive episode typically lasts for a two-week time period or longer. Having
depression can significantly affect someone’s daily routine. There are many
different factors that can cause depression amongst teens such as: family
disputes, death of a loved one, pressure from peers, academic pressure to
maintain good grades, abuse, developing self-identity, bullying, etc. Over the
past years, the depression rate amongst teens has outstandingly increased. “Around
2012 to 2013, there was sudden uptick in teens saying they were experiencing
symptoms of depression — feeling hopeless, not enjoying life, believing they
can’t do anything right. Depressive symptoms continued to increase over the
next few years, making today’s teens significantly more depressed than teens
just a few years before.” (Psychology Today)

The
American Psychological Association has determined that teens may deal with
higher levels of stress than adults. With the impact of school pressure, and
the emotional pressure in young relationships amongst these teens, it is
causing depressive tendencies, increasing their stress levels. Girls are more
likely to experience depression and have higher stress levels than boys. One of
the reasons for this is usually linked to hormonal differences. Women
experience more fluctuation in their hormone levels compared to men, from a
variety of things such as; puberty, prior to menstruation or issues with their
menstrual cycle, and pregnancy. The fluctuation in their hormone levels can be
closely related with depressive symptoms. Women have a higher likelihood of developing
depression due to their genetic differences than men, they may also develop
depressive symptoms from their parents at birth. Girls are exposed to more risk
factors compared to boys. Teen girls are affected by cyber bullying and peer
pressure more often than boys their age. Girls are very particular on their
looks and are often the ones who instigate bullying online by judging other
girls, increasing their risk of falling into a depressive episode. Social media
is a common outlet for teens to express themselves and how they feel. The
victimization of youth online has been increasing over the years as technology
rapidly evolves and social media becomes more popular. Adolescent girls use mobile
devices more often than boys their age, including social media. Mobile phone
use amongst teens can be connected to a depressive mood.

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Through examining trends in Medical Depressive
Episodes, “the Substance Abuse Mental Health Services Administration data
showed an overall increase between the years 2014 and 2015 for girls, with MDEs
generally increasing between the ages of 12 and 17. The 2014 data displayed a
continuous increase in the prevalence of MDEs as children got older, 2015 data
showed a leap in depressive episodes in girls ages 15 to 16 years old and in
boys of the age 16.” (Project Know Understanding
Addiction) Due to the increase in depression amongst teens, the drug use in
the past year has spiked a ton. Among youth experiencing a major depressive
episode, there has been an increase in the use of cocaine, marijuana, heroin,
ecstasy, sedatives, inhalants, pain relievers, stimulants and more. Teens are
now turning to drugs and alcohol as a way to cope with their issues, negative
urgency can be one explanation that is linked to depression.  

As
family, friends, or teachers it is critical to seek signs of depression amongst
the youth. Less than thirty-three percent of teens get help, yet eighty percent
of them can be treated successfully. Some warning signs that are usually
visible amongst teens who are experiencing a major depressive episode are: less
active, weaker performance in school, sadness, frequent crying, changes in
their sleep or eating patterns, substance abuse, social withdrawal, rebellious
behaviour, etc. In Canada, there are many support systems put in place to help
those who have fallen into a depressive episode varying from all ages. Some
programs in Canada that can treat people of all ages include: Mood Disorders
Society of Canada, Kids Help Phone and the crisis line, Co-Dependants
Anonymous, Anxiety Online, Psychosocial Rehabilitations, etc. Also, individual
and group therapy, psychotherapy, antidepressant medication and hypnotic
therapy are some different treatments used to help.

As members of
society, it is critical to seek depressive tendencies amongst the youth,
suicide is disturbingly common, being the “third leading cause of death from
people ages 15-24.” (Edwards) Teen depression is a risk factor and needs to be
found early on, minimizing the chances of developing other mental disorders. Providing
unconditional support, and extensive therapy will provide further options in
helping people seek the attention they need