Israel and Jordan were joined with the

Israel and Palestine have been fighting with one another for
over one hundred years. The fighting began with the immergence of nationalistic
movements in the early 20th century for both Jews and Arabs in the
Middle East. Sovereignty in the area for their respective groups was the goal.
Israel was established as a state in 1948 for the Jewish people and the Gaza
Strip was occupied by Egypt. The outcome of the Six Day War included Israel
securing the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, the Sinai Peninsula, and the Golan
Heights.

              In May
1967, the Soviet Union falsely informed Egypt that Israel was placing troops
along their northern border to prepare themselves for an attack against Syria.
Egypt sent troops in response to this fake news. Egypt then closed Israel’s
only trade route with Asia. The United States of America, specifically
President Johnson, announced that the USA supported Israel going forward.
Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nassar challenged Israel to conflict on a daily
basis. The armies of Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan were joined with the Egyptian
army. In June, Iraq joined their alliance. The USA made an attempt to prevent
the conflict, but Nasser refused to listen. The USA then declared themselves
neutral and established an embargo on Arab countries after they accused the USA
of sending supplies to Israel. The Soviet Union, along with Saudi Arabia,
Kuwait, and Algeria sent supplies to the Egyptians and their allies. Israel
made the first attack with their Air Force and took out several hundred
Egyptian aircraft. Jordan attacked Jerusalem and failed to capture it. Israel
counterattacked and took the West Bank in just two days. Over a quarter of a
million Palestinians fled the West Bank to avoid getting caught in the cross
fire. This created an influx of refugees in Jordan. Israeli forces succeeded in
defeating Syrian forces at the Golan Heights after another two days of battle.
The death toll for Israel was 777 with 2856 wounded. The death toll for the
Arabs was 18,300. For Israel, the death toll was massive compared to the
population. By the time the war finished, Israel had acquired enough territory
to triple itself in size. This led to Israel’s rule of almost a million Palestinians,
most of which they allowed to return to their homes. The Arab nations refused
to establish peace with Israel. The United Nations Security Council then
rectified Resolution 242, which urged Israel to withdraw themselves from some
of the territory captured in the war in an effort to achieve peace. After that,
Egypt still decided to consistently bomb Israelis close to the Suez Canal.
Information that was only recently made available to the public claims that
Israel would have used nuclear weapons against the Arabs if they were in
jeopardy of losing the war. Fortunately, this did not occur and all of the land
was kept in rather good condition.

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              The
Six-Day War had many long term effects on the region. Israel invested heavily
into the infrastructure of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. Their investment
combined with legislation that allowed Arabs to move freely through territories
increased the standard of living of Palestinians, who were now able to work
both in Israel and in the oil rich countries in the Middle East. Many
Palestinians and especially their leadership abroad, the Palestinian Liberation
Organization (PLO) were no longer interested in continuing the occupation of
their own state in proximity to Israel. They thought that Palestinians should
relocate instead of co-existing with Israelis. The constant instability in the
territories created more extreme restrictions. Destructive outbreaks by
Palestinians that targeted Israelis led to an increase in Israeli security.
After a while, peace with Egypt was reached. The following stability enabled
Israel to return the Sinai Peninsula. Israel also withdrew from the Gaza Strip.
There was no peace treaty signed which allowed for hatred towards Israel to
grow in that area. The war also gave rise to Christian-Jewish tensions in the
USA. Many rabbis and other leaders in the Jewish community criticized Churches
and Christian religious sects for not commenting on Arabic violence toward
Israel. After the war, many Christians supported the Arabs, seeing them as
innocent and seeing Zionists as the ones at fault. The USA began to intensely
support Israel after the war. Between 1967 and 1972, total U.S. aid to Israel
jumped from $6.4 billion a year to $9.2 billion a year. U.S. loans for Israeli
purchases of U.S.-made weapons jumped from an annual average of $22 million in
the 1960s to $445 million a year between 1970 and 1974. The war’s outcome
impacted the way Islam is expressed in the West Bank and Gaza, and it created
new openings for political Islamism in the Arab world. It strengthened a
messianic strain in Israeli Judaism, and it changed the focal point of American
Judaism. It forced an internal reckoning among evangelical Christians, and even
among Mormons, in the United States. However, the military defeat ultimately
forced Arab leaders to realize that Israel could not be destroyed militarily,
and laid the basis for the Arab-Israeli peace process of later years. After the
1973 war, an Arab-Israeli peace process began when the US brokered
disengagement agreements between Israel and Egypt and Israel and Syria in 1974
and 1975, and in 1977 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, who replaced Nasser in
1970, flew to Israel and addressed the Knesset. In 1979 Israel and Egypt signed
a peace agreement based on UNSC Resolution 242. This agreement ended any
prospect of another general Arab-Israeli war and has been a cornerstone of
regional stability for nearly 40 years. Israel and Jordan signed a peace
agreement in 1994. Jordan renounced their claim on the West Bank in 1987 in favor
of the establishment of a Palestinian state. This decision, coupled with the
signing of the Oslo Accords between Israel and the PLO in 1993, made peace
between Israel and Jordan possible. The countries enjoy deep cooperation on
security, especially in countering Islamic extremists, and Israel is set to
become a major gas supplier for Jordan in the near future. One American
president after another has failed to bring about a resolution of the issue. On
his recent trip to the Middle East, Donald Trump said that his talks with
foreign leaders indicated that there is now “a rare opportunity to bring
security and stability and peace to this region and to its people.” The hope is that the danger Iran brings will finally
cause Saudi Arabia, Jordan and other Arab states to join together with Israel
to achieve a historic breakthrough.