Korea Korea and condemned North Korea as

Korea War and Non-Alignment Policy: End of Second World War left Korea divided and hostile
to each other. India supported US resolution in 1950 in UN when North Korea invaded South
Korea and condemned North Korea as aggressor. However, US got miffed when India abstained
from another resolution calling for an armed intervention. US sent its force under leadership of
General McArthur without a UN approval and crossed the 38th parallel and marched into North
Korea. China warned US on this and came into defense of North Korea and fight ensued. US
moved another resolution calling China aggressor (though in reality it was US which was
aggressor) and India voted against it. India was only line of communication between China and
US and after long efforts, both sides agreed to hold ceasefire and recognized the same
boundaries which they wished to change. A ‘Neutral Nations Repatriation Commission’ was
formed under India General Thimayya’s leadership to repatriate soldiers. Korean War was a test
of Non-Alignment policy of India and its foreign policy. In whole turn of events, India first miffed
USSR and China when it termed North Korea aggressor and then miffed US when it abstained
from UN vote and later voted against US resolution calling China as an aggressor. India didn’t
dilute its stance in difficult circumstances as in the same period, China attacked Tibet without
taking India into picture, India even supported permanent seat of China in UNSC which USSR
didn’t like. India also needed US help to meet challenge of food security during famine.
However, later everyone acknowledged the stance of India and the incidents prove to be a
sound testimony of genuineness and worth of non-alignment policy.
Indo-China (Today’s Laos-Vietnam-Cambodia) – Indo-China was on brink of becoming theater
of cold war in 1950s. US was goading France to continue its efforts to occupy the region and
China was getting ready to intervene if US comes into picture. Indian leaders held intense
negotiation for maintaining peace and even declared such intention in the Colombo Conference,
1954. Finally, after much parleys, India was successful in assuring China that it should not
intervene and also extracted promise from France that it would not allow US to have a military
base in the region. As a result, India was appointed Chairman of ‘International Control
Commission’ which would supervise the import of foreign armaments in Indo-China. This
commission was later subverted by US and Indo-China did became a theater of anti-communism
crusade of West, but same peace efforts initiated by India were followed by the regional leaders
later.
Suez Canal Episode – Suez was nationalized by Naseer in 1956 and this made UK and France
apprehensive and they demanded international control over it, however India asked both sides
to restrain and suggested a formula allowing Egypt to control canal, but with an advisory role for
users at London Conference which was widely appreciated. But UK and France perceived it as a
future irritant in terms of trade route use and they ultimately supported Israel attack on Egypt
and their control of Suez canal. This attack was widely condemned as ‘naked aggression’ by India, US and UN and as a result withdrawal of forces started to take place under UN supervision
in which India also lend help in form of peacekeeping forces.