Sigmund mind when we dream? Have you

Sigmund FreudWhat goes on in the human mind when we dream? Have you ever wondered about dreams or what goes on in the human mind? Do you ever wonder how you or someone else will react to a certain situation? Do you ever wonder how people look at others and themselves?  Humans are very complex and it is important that people know how to react and view difficult situations in life. Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalysis and the work he has done has been very important in helping people. Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist and was born on May 6, 1856, in Moravia which is now in the Czech Republic. He moved with his family to a place in Austria called Vienna. As he grew up in Vienna, he took a sudden interest in the human behavior. In 1881, he earned his degree from the University of Vienna Medical School specializing in neurology. After his degree and during his career, he started to work on learning what drove people to be successful. After a while of studying he started to become notorious all over the world for his work in psychoanalysis.                 Psychoanalysis is a method that was used to treat mental-health disorders which contains a set of theories and techniques used to study the unconscious mind. Freud is considered the “Father of Psychoanalysis” because of his analysis of psycho-sexual developement, dreams, and identifying the ego, superego, and id. Freud explored the human mind way more thoroughly than anyone else before him and his work is still the basis for modern psychological theories. One theory of Sigmund Freud was his theory on dream analysis. Freud believed that dreams were considered the “royal road to the unconscious.” The baseline of Freud’s theory that dreams serve valuable clues for the unconscious mind and that dreams also perform important functions for the unconscious mind, was a dream of his own. His dream was about one of his patients, Irma. Irma wasn’t responding as well as he liked to the treatment and he felt really guilty about it. He dreamt that he met Irma at a party and examined her. By the end of his dream he didn’t feel guilty anymore because he saw that her condition was caused by a dirty syringe with a chemical from a different doctor. He thought of his dream as a wish-fulfillment because he had wished that Irma’s condition was not his fault and his dream had shown him that it was another doctors fault, his dream fulfilled his wish. Based on his dream, he proposed that a major function of dreams was wish-fulfillment. Freud distinguished between the latent content (the underlying wish) and the manifest content of the dream (what the dreamer remembers). The process where the latent content, or the underlying wish, is translated into manifest content is called dream-work. Dream work is used to transform the wish into something that isn’t threatening in order to not have anxiety and peaceful sleep. Condensation, displacement, and secondary elaboration is what dream work involves.The first process is condensation which is joining two or more images together into one. Condensation is like in a dream, multiple dream thoughts are combined into an element of the manifest dream. For example, if you dream about a man it could be a dream about both of the father or a lover. The process of displacement is when we transform a person or object into something else. One of Freud’s patients hated his sister-in-law and had a dream about strangling a dog. Freud took this dream and said the sister-in-law was really the person he was trying to kill but in order to make him not feel guilty, his dream transformed her into a dog. The last part of the process is secondary elaboration is when the unconscious mind puts together images in logical order of events. This is why believable events can be in the manifest content of dreams. Later on in his work, Freud thought of the possibility of universal symbols. He thought some of the symbols were of a sexual nature but he was cautious about the symbols and stated that general symbols were more personal than universal. He said that without knowing the person’s circumstance they cannot interpret the manifest content of the dream. The sexual nature was part of the psychosexual stages. In Freud’s time, many people, women in particular, were forced to repress their sexual needs. If you didn’t repress their sexual need, in many cases, it was seen as some form of neurotic illness. Freud wanted to understand the nature and variety of the illness. This led to the most controversial part of Freud’s work. It was his theory of psychosexual development and the Oedipus complex. Freud believed that children are born with a sexual urge called lipido. There are multiple stages of childhood Freud concluded where a child seeks pleasure from an object. The first stage is the oral stage. The oral stage is the mouth sucking and swallowing. The next stage is the anal stage. The anal stage is withholding or expelling faeces. The anal and oral stage is where the ego develops. The next stage is the phallic stage where the superego develops. The phallic stage is when the childs’ (3-6) libido is centered upon the genitalia. The next stage is the latent stage where there’s little to no sexual motivation and finally the last stage is the genital stage. The genital stage is the sexual intercourse. According to Freud, to be psychologically healthy, you have to complete theses stages. If a stage is not completely finished, it can cause mental abnormality. It can also cause a person to be fixated on one stage. This can show how one adult personality is determined by the childhood. The fixation and adult personality includes oral, anal, and phallic. The oral stage would be forceful feeding, smoking, deprivation, or early weaning. The anal stage would include obsessiveness, tidiness, meanness, untidiness, and the toilet training too harsh or too lax. Even though Freud’s theories were good at explaining, they unfortunately weren’t good at predicting behavior. This is why Freud’s theory was unfalsifiable. Unfalsifiable is when it can’t be proved or refuted. Despite skepticism though, psychology has has identified unconscious processes. Some identified unconscious processes are procedural memory, automatic processes, and social psychology. Procedural memory, also known as motor skills, stores information on basic procedures such as walking, riding a bike, and talking. The automatic process are images that involuntarily pop into our unconscious mind. Lastly social psychology focuses on social actions and interrelations of personality, value, and mind with social structure and culture. These findings have shown the role of the unconscious process in human behavior. Sigmund Freud, even though his theories are a little bit out of the ordinary and most people don’t agree with his ideas, it still remains a huge part of psychology and culture. It doesn’t matter whether or not you like him or hate him, you can’t deny that he is a huge part of psychology. Freud’s was an excellent researcher and observer of our human conditions. His name is one that regarded psychology in the past, present, and will still continue to be found in the future