The American Dream is the belief that

The American Dream is the belief that any individual can achieve success through hard work regardless of their social class. F. Scott Fitzgerald mentions and criticizes the dream throughout his novel, The Great Gatsby, which is set in the United States in the 1920’s and is about a mysterious millionaire named Jay Gatsby and his obsession to attain a woman named Daisy Buchanan. Fitzgeralds develops the symbol of the American Dream through Daisy, the incarnation of the American Dream. Just like the Dream, Daisy is based on wealth and social status. Fitzgerald shows that Daisy is unattainable by many men, just like the American Dream is an illusion to many people, especially the poor.Daisy being based on wealth and social status shows characteristic of the American Dream. Throughout the novel, Daisy’s voice is described as “indiscreet” and “full of money” (120). There is a parallel between these two sentences because “money” and “indiscreet” are both related to her voice, and are therefore linked. When Gatsby says that Daisy’s voice is full of money he is tying her voice to wealth. Daisy herself is clearly connected to money, which makes it clear that Gatsby is in love with her affluence and social status. Because Daisy is very materialistic, she is immediately drawn to Gatsby’s impressive wealth. Gatsby is drawn to her as well due to her money, but mostly due to her social status. When Gatsby says “Her voice is full of money” (120), it is ironic because Daisy does not behave that way in the novel. She is shown as a successful and independent woman. But throughout the book she is also described as materialistic and two-faced. For example, Daisy cries when she sees Gatsby’s shirts. She sobs, thinking that “they’re such beautiful shirts…her muffles in the folds. It makes her sad because she’s never seen such beautiful shirts” (92), which really emphasizes that Daisy is a very materialistic woman. Daisy cries over the shirts because she realizes that she has lost a chance at a relationship with true love and money rather than a relationship with just money. This goes back to the idea that she can allow herself to chose money over love because she is materialistic and that being part of “old money” is important to Daisy. Later in the passage, Nick describes Daisy as “high in a white palace the king’s daughter, the golden girl” (120). Through this simile Fitzgerald wants to emphasize the wealth, power and social status of Daisy. “The golden girl” represents money, more specifically old money and the “king’s daughter” represents the social status and power of Daisy. In The Great Gatsby colors are a big part of the book. Here Daisy is surrounded by white (white palace), which represents purity and innocence. However, just like a palace, on the inside she is golden, which represents money. Through this simile Fitzgerald wants to accentuate Daisy’s wealth, power, and social status. Fitzgerald uses figurative language to suggest that Daisy is a symbol of money and wealth and therefore represents the American Dream as wealth is one of the major factors that composes it.By paralleling both Daisy and the American Dream’s unattainable nature, Fitzgerald ties them together. Nick comments on Gatsby’s insight on the green light. “He stretched out his arms toward the dark water in a curious way, and far as I was from him I could have sworn he was trembling. Involuntarily I glanced seaward—and distinguished nothing except a single green light, minute and far away, that might have been the end of a dock” (152). During the novel, we see Gatsby reaching towards a green light in the distance. The green light is often understood as the American Dream: the idea that people are always reaching out to an unreachable ideal. The green light is a representation of Gatsby’s dreams and hopes to obtain Daisy. The green light is described as “minute and far away” (180) which makes it appear impossible to reach. At the beginning of the book, Nick describes the green light as something “Gatsby believed in” (180). When Nick says at the end of the novel that “we will run farther, stretch out our arms farther” (180), Nick is saying that Gatsby is not the only one reaching for the green light, we are all “stretching out our arms” (180) to attain something. The green light is also a symbol of the infinitely elusive dream, as Nick claims in the last chapter that “Gatsby believed in…the orgastic future that year by year recedes before us. It eluded us then, but that’s no matter – to-morrow we will run farther, stretch out our arms farther” (180). The last part of the novel reflects on the American Dream and finishes on an optimistic note. Fitzgerald uses words of certainty and anticipation, such as “dreams” (180), “wonder” (180), “presence” (180) which shows optimism. It also ties back to when we first see Gatsby reaching for the green light out over the water towards the Buchanans. Nick says that Gatsby’s dream was “already behind him” (180) meaning that it was impossible to attain in the first place. After Gatsby’s death, the green light loses it’s symbolic quality, and fades away just like Gatsby fades away. Gatsby believed in the concept of the American Dream, where perseverance would lead him to his ultimate goal, and in the green light that symbolized his triumph in acquiring Daisy, symbol of a higher status. If we suppose that Daisy represents the green light, and a possible future between her and Gatsby that has now faded, we can conclude that Daisy was never attainable in the first place. In the last sentence of the novel, Nick says “So we beat on, boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past” (180). He is using the metaphor of trying to paddle against the flow of the current. Fitzgerald is saying that were are all boats that are trying to push ourselves forward towards a goal, while the current pushes us back toward our starting point. While for boats this happens in the water, for people this can happen in relationships between past and future. Daisy represents the American Dream as she is desired by many men, yet she is unattainable. In Aristotle’s greek tragedies, one of the elements of a tragic hero is “Hamartia”, which is a flaw in the tragic hero character that could ultimately lead to her/his death. In The Great Gatsby, we could argue that Gatsby is the “tragic hero” and that his flaw is his fixation on and obsession with Daisy. He dedicates his life to Daisy, and he dies as a consequence. He sacrifices himself for her.  Through numerous figurative language, like metaphors, irony, and the symbolism of the green light, Fitzgerald successfully links Daisy and unattainability together. Fitzgeralds develops in The Great Gatsby the symbol of the American Dream through Daisy, the incarnation of the American Dream. Daisy is based on wealth and social status, so is the dream. Fitzgerald shows that Daisy is unattainable by many men, just like the American Dream is an illusion to many people. F. Scott Fitzgerald using symbolism, simile, metaphors and irony develops the symbol of the American Dream, and how Daisy represents the American Dream. As Mr. F.S Fitzgerald’s once said “Everybody’s youth is a dreamer, a form of chemical madness.