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 The   Great   Gatsby   by   F.   Scott   Fitzgerald   is   a   story   of   an   eccentric   millionaire,   Jay Gatsby,   that   is   told   by   Nick   Carraway,   a   Midwestern   that   lives   on   Long   Island,   next   door to   Gatsby.   This   story   revolves   around   Gatsby’s   one   true   desire:   to   be   reunited   with   Daisy and   recreate   the   past   that   was   once   a   dream   come   true   five   years   ago.   Gatsby’s   quest   to gain   back   his   one   true   love   leads   him   to   poverty   to   wealth,   into   the   arms   of   his   beloved, and   eventually   to   his   tragic   death.   It   is   a   well   written   novel   of   love   and   tragedy   written by   Fitzgerald   to   capture   a   cross-section   of   the   American   society.   Fitzgerald   didn’t   fail   to capture   the   beauty   and   tragedy   of   Gatsby’s   first   love   with   colorful   literary   language.      The theme   I   have   developed   for   this   story      is   the   American   Dream   can   be   corrupted   by money   and   power,   making   it   unattainable.To   initiate,   the   theme,   the   American   Dream   can   be   corrupted   by   money   andpower,   making   it   unattainable,   is   heavily   supported   by   many   literary   devices.Throughout   the   book,   Nick   tries   to   capture   a   few   glimpses   of   Gatsby’s   dream   and   thesignificance   in   those   moments.      The   first   literary   device   is   a   simile   of   when   Gatsby   is 1describing   his   life   as   a   rich   young   boy   in   Europe.   The   text   states,    ” I   decided   to   call   to   him. Miss   Baker   had   mentioned   him   at   dinner,   and   that   would   do   for   an   introduction.   But   I   didn’t   call to   him,   for   he   gave   a   sudden   intimation   that   he   was   content   to   be   alone—he   stretched   out   his arms   toward   the   dark   water   in   a   curious   way,   and,   far   as   I   was   from   him,   I   could   have   sworn   he was   trembling.   Involuntarily   I   glanced   seaward—and   distinguished   nothing   except   a   single   green  light,   minute   and   far   away,   that   might   have   been   the   end   of   a   dock.   When   I   looked   once   more   for Gatsby   he   had   vanished,   and   I   was   alone   again   in   the   unquiet   darkness.”   This   is   an   example   of visual   imagery   as   well   as   personification   due   to   the   fact   that   a   human   trait   was   given   to   the darkness.   The   visual   imagery   is   described   as   Nick   gives   his   audience   a   first   glimpse   of   Gatsby’s American   Dream,   which   the   audience   can’t   fully   take   in   due   to   the   fact   that   the   story   is   in   Nick’s point   of   view.   In   our   first   glimpse   of   Jay   Gatsby,   he   is   reaching   out   to   something   far   which   is   as well   symbolic.   This   is   so   since   Gatsby   is   giving   the   idea   that   people   are   always   reaching   out   for greatness   that   is   bigger   than   them,   which   can   be   out   of   their   reach.   Not   only   symbolic,   but   this text   depicts   foreshadow,   which   is   the   unhappy   ending   for   Gatsby   and   marking   his   as   a   dreamer due   to   the   fact   that   people   like   Tom   and   Daisy,   who   are   birthed   into   money,   don’t   have   to   strive as   hard   for   their   dreams.Furthermore,   later   in   the   book   Gatsby   recalls   his   past   with   Daisy   and   is   nostalgic   as   he 2 memerizes   when   he   first   kisses   Daisy.   According   to   the   text,    ” His   heart   beat   faster   and   faster   as Daisy’s   white   face   came   up   to   his   own.   He   knew   that   when   he   kissed   this   girl,   and   forever   wed his   unutterable   visions   to   her   perishable   breath,   his   mind   would   never   romp   again   like   the   mind of   God.   So   he   waited,   listening   for   a   moment   longer   to   the   tuning   fork   that   had   been   struck   upon a   star.   Then   he   kissed   her.   At   his   lips’   touch   she   blossomed   for   him   like   a   flower   and   the incarnation   was   complete.”   This   quote   could   be   seen   as   a   simile   due   to   Daisy   kissing   Gatsby, was   compared   with   a   blossoming   flower.   The   incarnation   part   is   very   symbolic   depicting   that once   Gatsby   kisses   her,   his   idealized,   expansive   vision   will   no   longer   exist,   and   instead   will experience   a   more   realistic   vision   of   his   dream.      This   specific   moment   is   what   ties   Daisy   to Gatsby’s   unattainable   dream   for   a   better   life,   and   when   it   sets   the   tragic   ending   and   unfortunate reality   of   Gatsby’s   dream.   Although,   Daisy   isn’t   able   to   take   the   weight   of   Gatsby’s   dream   that he   forces   upon   her,   making   her   choose   Tom   as   an   easy   way   out.Lastly,   Nick   tries   to   make   Gatsby   see   the   reality   of   his   dream,   trying   to   make   him   realize that   he   cannot   recreate   the   past.   Gatsby   is   in   denial   and   is   persistent   that   he   can   convince   Daisy3to   be   a   part   of   his   American   Dream.   For   example,    “I   wouldn’t   ask   too   much   of   her,”   I   ventured.”You   can’t   repeat   the   past.”   “Can’t   repeat   the   past?”   he   cried   incredulously.   “Why   of   course   you can!”He   looked   around   him   wildly,   as   if   the   past   were   lurking   here   in   the   shadow   of   his   house, just   out   of   reach   of   his   hand.   “I’m   going   to   fix   everything   just   the   way   it   was   before,”   he   said, nodding   determinedly.   “She’ll   see.”   This   could   be   seen   as   personification   due   to   how   the   past   is “lurking”   in   the   shadow   of   his   house.   It   could   also   be   seen   as   symbolism   since   Gatsby   can’t   seem to   let   go   of   the   past.   Due   to   this,   this   is   the   inconspicuous   end   of   Gatsby’s   dream   since   he   cannot accept   the   REAL   truth   of   his   dream.   He   is   madly   in   love   with   Daisy,   and   desperately   wants Daisy   to   tell   Tom   that   she   never   loved   him.   But   the   real   truth   is   that   Daisy   cannot   tell   Tom   that she   doesn’t   love   him   because   at   one   point   she   did   love   him.   Leaving   Tom   would   have   a   huge impact   in   Daisy’s   life   and   would   most   likely   ruin   her.   At   this   point   in   this   novel,   Gatsby’s   dream is   UNATTAINABLE   even   though   Daisy   tells   him   that   it’s   not   attainable   nor   realistic.   Although, Gatsby   is   naive   and   won’t   see   past   his   desires,   costing   him   his   life.   All   in   all,   at   the   end   of   the book,   Nick   describes   Gatsby’s   optimism   towards   his   American   Dream,   but   most   importantlyhow   Gatsby’s   goal   is   similar   to   the   main   goal   of   American.   The   author   states,  4  “Gatsby   believed in   the   green   light,   the   orgiastic   future   that   year   by   year   recedes   before   us.   It   eluded   us   then,   but that’s   no   matter   –   to-morrow   we   will   run   faster,   stretch   out   our   arms   farther….And   one   fine morning   –So   we   beat   on,   boats   against   the   current,   borne   back   ceaselessly   into   the   past.”   It   can be   concluded   that   this   is   symbolic   because   of   the   repetition   of   the   green   light,   that   is   so meaningful   to   Gatsby.   Gatsby’s   main   goal   in   his   life   was   to   better   himself   in   hopes   of   achieving his   goal   to   get   Daisy.   During   those   five   years,   he   builds   up   Daisy   in   his   mind,   picturing   her   as   a perfect   human,   and   his   one   way   ticket   to   happiness.   Unfortunately,   his   expectation   of   her   are ruined   when   they   get   the   opportunity   to   be   together.   He   is   unable   to   accept   her   materialism,   the child   she   bears   with   Tom,   and   her   reliance   on   money.   But   what   he’s   not   willing   to   accept   is   that Daisy   once   loved   Tom,   and   that   she   can’t   be   exactly   how   she   was   when   they   were   eighteen.   Due to   Gatsby’s   unrealistic   expectations,   Gatsby   was   willing   to   to   move   forward   and   seek   the   next dream   that   would   make   him   happy.   This   could   be   seen   as   America’s   main   goal   in   life   due   to   the fact   that   people   at   times   are   willing   to   achieve   more,   rather   than   be   satisfied   with   what   they already   have.In   conclusion,   Fitzgerald   didn’t   fail   to   capture   the   pain   of   believing   in   a   dream   that wasn’t   attainable,   even   if   it   has   already   exceeded   to   its   best.   Fitzgerald   portrays   Gatsby’s   dream in   a   pessimistic   way,   as   one   that   cannot   be   achieved,   and   presents   the   American   Dream   as   a   need and   a   futile   dream.   Although,   he   does   believe   that   the   act   is   what   truly   defines   our   nature,   but   the fact   that   we   will   always   continue   to   strive   for   it.